We talk about hot sauce a lot. Sometimes one of us will bring it into the office and some of the bravest among us will try different ones. While you want to be careful (Everyone has a different heat tolerance), hot peppers and sauces can be fun to try and experiment with in foods.

Hot sauce is made of salt, vinegar, and hot peppers. The hot peppers are what give its in flavor. And capsaicin, a chemical within peppers, is what gives them its heat. Their heat is measured by the Scoville Scale.

Invented by pharmacist, Wilbur Scoville in 1912, the Scoville scale measures all of the chemicals within a pepper that make it spicy, not just capsaicin. This scale is used to measure the heat in peppers mostly but is also used for non-food items, such as pepper spray.

Below you will see an example of the scale and how peppers are rated. The higher the number, the hotter and spicier you can expect the item to be.

Scoville Scale


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