Juicers are used to extract juice from fruits, vegetables, and wheatgrass.

They come as handheld, manual, or electric. They have unique features for specific operations. We discuss these characteristics and their applications here.

Handheld Juicers

To begin, handheld options include reamers and citrus squeezers.

To use a reamer, cut lemons, lime, or oranges in half, place the ridged end of the reamer onto the cut side, and begin to grind it into the fruit. By keeping up this motion while squeezing the fruit, the juice is extracted.

Citrus squeezers extract juice once halved fruit is placed inside with its cut end towards the holes and pressure is placed on the handles, causing it to literally squeeze the fruit.

Be sure to have a bowl or measuring cup below the reamer or citrus squeezer while they are in use. This catches the juice for use.

Manual Juicers


Manual juicers are also called juice presses. They are built bigger and sturdier. They are for low to medium volume applications where handheld tools are designed only for low volume use. Where handheld units are ideal for extracting the juice for cocktails and seasoning, manual juicers are perfect for making small amounts of drinkable fresh juice.

They are also an excellent option for businesses that only plan to juice citrus fruits.

One of the key characteristics that set manual units apart, other than their stronger build, is their speed and ease of use.

Much faster than handheld options, manual juicers operate at their best when fruits are halved, placed cut side down toward the extractor, and the handle is pushed. With the simple motion of the hand pulling the handle down, the top presses on the fruit and extracts the juice.

Electric Juicers

Electric juicers are available in two categories: centrifugal and citrus juicers.


Centrifugal juicers are equipped to take on firm fruits and vegetables. Once stems, peeling, and large seeds have been removed, cut them into smaller pieces. You can do this with a chopper, slicer, or knife.

Then allow the juicer time to reach full speeds. Once it has, place the produce through the shoot. Do this slowly so the machine has time to process each load before more is added. This reduces blockages and buildup.

The juicer turns on with a simple flip of a switch or press of a button.

It is built for medium to high volume applications such as juice bars and hotels.

Citrus juicers are made for juicing citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruit. It is outfitted for medium-volume use.

They operate more similarly to manual juicers. For instance, there is no need to remove peeling or seeds. Simply cut fruits in half, place the cut end on the reamer, and turn the unit on. It automatically spins its reamer to extract the juice. By pushing the fruit down into the reamer, it accomplishes the task quickly. Just be sure not to press down so firmly that the reamer stops spinning.

It is easy to turn on and off and makes quick work of juicing fruits for busy bars and restaurants.

Masticating Juicers

Masticating juicers are designed to juice fruits and vegetables for low to high volume applications. Masticate means “chew” and that perfectly describes what the units do. They chew through produce to extract the juice and discard pulp. The masticating process is meticulous, removing more juice than its juicing counterparts with the same amount of produce. It does, however, require more time. This is not the unit to choose for jobs where speed is required.

Their slow speed has even earned them the name “slow juicers.”

Their careful juice extraction, however, makes them the perfect choice for juicing vegetables such as leafy greens. They typically require extra time and processing regardless so by running them through a masticating juicer first, time is saved.


Some foodservice managers are tempted to use residential juicers to save money. They will not hold up to the demands of a commercial kitchen. Beyond this, they could cause establishments to fail health inspections. Some inspectors require NSF-certified equipment to be used.

Residential units aren’t always easy to clean and result in unsafe business practices. Avoid the headaches of violations by purchasing a commercial unit. Their price points vary by type, model, and brand. They are worth the long-term investment.


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